HSC Economic Quiz

The HSC Economic s course is designed to test a student knowledge in four topic areas:

  1. The Global Economy
  2. Australia’s Place in the Global Economy
  3. Economic Issues
  4. Economic Policies and Management

While students are required to understand the causes and effects of economic trends they must have an understanding of general economic terms, concepts, relationships and theories.The following are questions address foundational knowledge for the HSC economics course.


Question 1

The unemployment rate (%) is calculated as:

a) (Unemployed persons/labour force) x (100/1)

b) (Labour force/ working age population) x (100/1)

c) (Labour force/unemployed persons) x (100/1)

d) (working age population/labour force) x (100/1)


Question 2

The Gini Coefficient is:

a) A number between 0-1 which measures the extent of income inequality in an economy.

b) A number between 0-1 which measures the level of GDP growth in an economy.

c) A number between 0-1 which measures the level of government debt obligations.

d) A number between 0-1 which measures the productivity of labour in an economy.


Question 3

The two main automatic stabilisers in the budget are:

a) Infrastructure spending and unemployment benefits

b) Jobs and growth

c) Unemployment benefits and progressive income tax

d) Unemployment benefits and inflation


Question 4

The objectives of the Reserve Bank of Australia are:

a) Currency stability, maintaining full employment and promoting economic prosperity and welfare.

b) Currency stability, lowering interest rates and funding government spending.

c) Setting the budget stance, guaranteeing the debts of the major banks and maintaining full employment.

d) Currency stability, maintaining full employment and designing Australian currency.


Question  5

Which of the following counties is not a part of the Group of Eight Nations?

a) Japan

b) The united states

c) Canada

d) Australia


Question 6

The components of aggregate demand (AD) are:

a) Consumption, interest rates, government expenditure, exports less imports.

b) Consumption, economic growth, unemployment and government spending.

c) Consumption, investment, government expenditure, exports less imports.

d) Government spending, consumption, labour productivity and imports.


Question 7

The current cash rate (May 2017) is:

a) 75%

b) 5%

c) 25%

d) 0%


Question 8

All things remaining equal, which of the following is most likely to explain an appreciation of the Australian dollar under a floating exchange rate?

a) A decrease in Australian interest rates.

b) An increase in overseas interest rates.

c) Increased domestic demand for imported goods.

d) Increased demand for Australia’s exports


Question 9

Public goods are best characterised as:

a) Non-excludable and limited.

b) Non-excludable and non-rival.

c) Provided by private firms and non-rival.

d) Excludable and rival.


Question 10

When economic growth is lower than the increase in labour productivity, unemployment will most likely:

a) Increase

b) Decrease

c) Remain constant

d) None of the above


Question 11

What is the most likely effect of an increase in the labour force participation rate in the short-term?

a) Economic growth will decrease.

b) The unemployment rate will increase.

c) The exchange rate will depreciate.

d) The unemployment rate will decrease.


Quiz courtesy of Thomas.

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Top 7 English Exam Preparation Tips

7 Top tips for studying for an English Exam

by Tim

  1. Know your text(s)

  • Have a thorough understanding to the main themes and concepts within your texts of study
  • A way to test your knowledge is to write a paragraph in your own words explaining and describing your insight to a particular theme in your text.
  1. Put all your notes into a table

    This will organise your notes neatly and allow you to easy access your notes.

  2. Draft 1… Draft 2… Draft 3…

  • Whether your assessment task is an essay, creative task or speech you should have your first draft (typed or written) at least 2 weeks before your exam.
  • Write about themes that your liked or enjoyed when you were studying the text. Expect to make multiple drafts for your assessment tasks, especially for creative writing.
  1. Hand in your Drafts to your school teacher, tutor or parent/friend to read and edit

  • Remember to get comments and feedback from the person who read your Draft.
  • Make the appropriate changes according to your Drafts to make it even better.
  1. Read other essays/creatives and become the person to give feedback

  • Read other people’s essays/creatives to gain insight only and not to copy them
  • Read to learn from them, look at their strengths and weaknesses, and see how you can replicate it in your own way.
  • When reading, out yourself in the shoes of an HSC English Marker. This way you will understand what are the specifics that they are looking for and repeat this step with your essay/creative.
  1. Practice… Practice… Practice…

  • Practise answering different essay questions with your ‘perfect essay’ and practise moulding your response so that you answer the essay question each time.
  1. Never memorise responses, only memorise your main ideas and analysis

  • During the exam you must be writing your response to answer the question or stimulus given.

We Love Maths!

Love Maths?

Did you know?

  • 111,111,111 multiplied by 111,111,111 gives 12,345,678,987,654,321
  • 2520 is the smallest number that can be exactly divided by all the number 1 to 10

Sodoku helps with your maths?

Article on benefits of Sodoku for strengthening core logic skills needed to solve Maths problems… Give your struggling student a small challenge in the holidays!


Finish this simple Soduku – rules: the consecutive numbers 1 to 4(a set) must fill the remaining empty boxes BUT there can only be 1 set (in any order) per row(s), column(s) or box(es)

Sites to visit if you want to practice over the holidays:

Primary and up to yr 11:




For Year 12:


http://www.harderhscmaths.com/ (videos to watch of harder maths being completed)

Do boys like maths more than girls?

Article about Maths and gender?


Probability Pandemonium

Crazy Kids:

Imagine that you know a family has 2 children (that aren’t twins). Later, you discover that one of the children is a girl, what then is the probability that the other one is a girl?

Hint: it’s not 1/2!

Answer see below…


Devious Doors:

There was a games show which included a section in which you could win a car by correctly selecting which door it was behind. It went like this:

  1. The host would ask you to pick and stand in front of 1 out of 3 closed doors, 1 of which had a car behind it, the other 2 with nothing
  2. The host would then reveal a door that you hadn’t chosen that had nothing behind it, leaving two unopened doors, one of which you were still standing in front of.
  3. The host would then ask, would you like to stick with the door you’re currently with, or would you like to switch to the other remaining unopened door?

If you wish to maximise your probability of winning the car, what should you do?

Answer see below…



Solution Crazy Kids:

You have to consider the possible combinations of the children’s genders and how the information came to you.

When you knew that they had 2 children there were 4 possibilities:

Older:                   Boy        Boy        Girl         Girl

Younger:              Boy        Girl         Boy        Girl

When you discover that one is a girl it eliminates the possibility that they’re both boys, it also leaves only 1 of the remaining 3 that has the second child as a girl.

Therefore the answer is 1/3!

Solution Devious Doors:

You should switch!

When you first chose your door there was a 2/3 chance that it contained nothing. Despite the host eliminating one of the nothing outcomes it is still more likely that you are currently standing in front of a nothing outcome because of when you made your selection.

Therefore since it’s more likely that you have nothing and the other nothing option is gone you have a 2/3 chance of winning if you switch to the remaining door! Deal or No Deal works on the same concept to a much larger scale.

Must Know Creative Writing Tips!

Creative Writing Hints and Tips

Stuck with how to start your piece of creative writing – enjoy our hints and tips for improving your creative writing.

  1. Establish a credible setting: use evidence, quotes, physical and emotional spaces. Use similes and metaphors to extend your description.
  2. Think about structure: Where is the end point of the story. What are the series of events, complications and climax that shape the structure.
  3. Who is the protagonist? Is there an antagonist?
  4. Play with your sentence structure. Try short/long sentences – look for effect.
  5. Play with imagery/patterns of imagery/symbolism.
  6. Use figurative language sparingly but not clichéd.
  7. Go for the simple language/ simple sentence. Cut the adjectives and see the effect.
  8. Go for atmosphere – try and create a relaxed or tense mood. Think about pathetic fallacy.
  9. Give a credible ending – open ended/cliff hanger or tying up loose ends.
  10. Where is the climax? Is there a denouement?
  11. Is there symbolism inherent within the text? Repeated motif.
  12. Can you make any allusions to classical/popular culture?
  13. Is there a postscript?
  14. Do minor characters play a part?
  15. HSC Creative writing is to a Novel like a Trailer is to a Movie. Your story must be packed with techniques AND be able to tease the reader – BUT not satisfy them.

By our tutor Anne Marie.

Chemistry – Fun Animal Facts and Questions

Chemistry Fun Animal Facts :

  • Hot chilli peppers create a burning sensation due to a chemical molecule called capsaicin. While the molecule is an irritant to mammals including us humans, birds lack the receptor responsible for this effect so are immune to this burning sensation.
  • Goldfish can see visible light like us humans, but they can also perceive infrared and ultraviolet light.
  • Macadamia nuts are toxic to dogs.

Chemistry Questions you can test on your friends:

  1. What are the only two chemistry elements that are liquid at room temperature?
    Bromine and Mercury. Although gallium will melt from the heat of your hand.
  1. If you pour a handful of salt into a glass full of water, will the glass overflow?
    Surprisingly, no! The water level will actually go down! There will be roughly a 2.5 per cent reduction in volume.
  1. Roughly how much salt (NaCl) is in the average adult human body?
    About 250g.
  1. What do diamonds and lead pencils have in common?
    Lead pencil’s contain graphite which is a form of pure carbon like diamond.
  1. What is the only letter that doesn’t appear on the periodic table?
  1. What is the most abundant element in the universe?
  1. Are there more atoms in a bucket full of water or are there more bucketfuls of water in the Atlantic Ocean?
    There are more atoms in a bucket full of water.
  1. How much of the oxygen in the atmosphere is produced by the Amazon rainforest?
    About 20%
  1. What is the chemical formula for dry ice?
    Dry ice is actually solid carbon dioxide, so CO2.
  1. What is the rarest naturally occurring element in the Earth’s crust?
    Astatine, the entire Earth’s crust appears to only contain 28g of it.
  1. What colour is liquid oxygen?
  1. Will a stale egg float or sink in fresh water?
    A stale egg will float
  1. What is the acid in milk called?
    Lactic acid.
  1. Dilute acetic acid is found in almost every household kitchen. What is another name for it?
  2. How much does water expand by when freezing into ice?
    Water expands about 9% when it frozen into ice

by our tutor – Alex.

Ancient History

The knowledge and skills you need in order to do well in Ancient History fall into three categories. The first thing you need is topic knowledge, which is the actual material you will cover in class. The second is analytical skills, which is the ability to think (and argue) clearly about your topic knowledge. The third is essay technique, which is the ability to show both your topic knowledge and analytical skills in both assessments and the HSC exam.

Topic Knowledge

The most obvious thing you need to have in order to do well in Ancient History is a good knowledge of the topics taught in class. For example, if you are studying The Greek World 500-400 BCE, then you need to know all the relevant information about that period. Your class teacher should teach you this information. Remember that the key word here is relevant. You don’t need to know the name of Themistokles’ mother’s dog, but you really do need to know that Themistokles was a driving force behind the expansion of the Athenian navy between Marathon and Salamis. It is critically important that you know which primary and secondary sources are available for your topic, and know a fair bit about them (for example, if you are doing The Greek World 500-400 BCE, you should know who Herodotus, Plutarch and Diodorus Siculus are and the strengths and weaknesses of their primary accounts, as well as knowing what the important modern historians of the period think of them). If you are in doubt about what you should know, you can always consult the Ancient History Syllabus (available at the Board of Studies website).

Smart Moves HSC tutoring can help with your topic knowledge, give you a clear idea of what you need to know, and help you learn it!

Analytical Skills

If you just know a lot about the topics you are covering, but can’t effectively think and argue about them, you can’t do well at Ancient History. Analytical skills are what distinguishes the best from the rest in Ancient History; you need to be able to think about the things you know and make judgements about them. For example, if you are studying The Greek World 500-400 BCE, you might decide that you believe that the Athenians were more important than the Spartans in ensuring that the Greeks survived Xerxes’ invasion. You then need to know how to use evidence to justify your opinion and convince someone that you are right. This is the hardest skill to learn.

Smart Moves can help you develop your analytical skills to a high standard. This is the biggest difference between Band 4 and Bands 5 and 6. If you are serious about doing well in your HSC and aren’t confident that you have the analytical skills to do so, come in and we will help you develop these skills to a Band 6 standard. A great tutor can make all the difference – and Smart Moves has some of the best tutors you will find.

Essay Technique

What’s the use of having great knowledge and great analytical skills if you can’t show them in your essays and exams? Good essay technique means having a plan, having confidence and having discipline. Having an effective plan makes writing a good essay easy and fixes a number of common problems such as descending into narrative and running out of time. It puts a structure on your thoughts, and therefore lets you make your argument more convincing. It also gives you confidence, because you know what you are going to write in advance and therefore you don’t have to stress about what comes next while you are writing. If you still find exam essays too stressful, get overly nervous, or can’t concentrate, you need to practise the skills effectively so that over time you can build up your confidence. Practising effectively, sticking to your plan, and overcoming confidence issues takes discipline. Discipline is something you learn, but it is also a matter of choice: you need to decide to take a mature attitude about it before you can have it.

Smart Moves HSC tutoring will help you with your essay technique both for exam essays and take-home essays in Ancient History. Whether you have a particular problem with essay technique, or just want to improve your results, Smart Moves’ tutors can help you achieve the results you want.


Mathematics (formerly 2 Unit Mathematics)

The current calculus-based mathematics courses will remain unchanged in the introductory years of the New Higher School Certificate. During this time the course content and internal assessment arrangements of 2 Unit Mathematics , 3 Unit Mathematics and 4 Unit Mathematics will be maintained. However, under the new HSC structure, the courses will be called Mathematics, Mathematics Extension 1 and Mathematics Extension 2, respectively.

The HSC results of students studying these Mathematics courses will be reported using the standards-referencing procedures in place for all Board developed courses under the new structure.

Following are the outcomes developed for the preliminary course for Mathematics. The outcomes have been derived from the content of the courses, and together with the content, determine the breadth and depth of study to be undertaken by students.

Common problems that students encounter in the HSC Mathematics syllabus revolve around Applications of Calculus to the Physical World, Logarithmic and Exponential Functions, Max and Min Problems, Trigonometry and Applications of Geometrical Properties. If your performance is suffering in these or any of the other topics in HSC Mathematics, our professional tutors can help you rectify your problems and fine-tune your answers to maximise your marks. HSC and Primary tutoring in Maths is available at Smart Moves One-on-One Tutoring. For many students, mathematics proves to be a challenging and rewarding experience.

Objectives Preliminary Outcomes
Students will develop:  A student:
appreciation of the scope, usefulness, beauty and elegance of maths
  • demonstrates confidence in using maths to obtain realistic solutions to problems
the ability to reason in a broad range of math contexts
  • provides reasoning to support conclusions which are appropriate to the context
skills in applying math techniques to the solution of practical problems
  • performs routine arithmetic and algebraic manipulation involving surds, simple rational expressions and trigonometric identities
  • chooses and applies appropriate arithmetic, algebraic, graphical, trigonometric and geometric techniques
understanding of the key concepts of calculus and the ability to differentiate and integrate a range of functions
  • understands the concept of a function and the relationship between a function and its graph
  • relates the derivative of a function to the slope of its graph
  • determines the derivative of a function through routine application of the rules of differentiation
the ability to interpret and communicate maths in a variety of forms
  • understands and uses the language and notation of calculus

Can you answer the following question from the Board of Studies 2006 HSC Mathematics Exam?


maths q 2k6 hsc

A HSC Smart Moves tutor can provide valuable help in any of the following Maths Topic Areas:

• Basic Arithmetic and Algebra
• Plane Geometry
• Probability
• Real Functions
• Trigonometry
• Linear Functions and lines
• Series and Applications
• The Tangent to a Curve and the Derivative of a Function
• The Quadratic Polynomial and the Parabola
• Geometrical Applications of Differentiation
• Integration
• Logarithmic and Exponential Functions
• Applications of Calculus to the Physical World

 If you have any questions or queries about our HSC Maths tutors at Smart Moves One-on-One Tutoring, please do not hesitate to contact us. We welcome all enquiries!

Top 10 Exam Tips

Generally speaking, the top ten things you should keep in mind as you do your exam:

  • Exam tip #1: Make it easy for the marker.
  • Exam tip #2: Use a black pen.
  • Exam tip #3: Write on one side of the page only.
  • Exam tip #4: Try to avoid writing extra pieces in margins that are linked by asterisks, arrows, etc.
  • Exam tip #5: Read and follow all key instructions. For example, if you are asked to provide a title to a response, than make sure you do.
  • Exam tip #6: Write in the correct genre/form and sustain it throughout. For example, if you are asked to write a speech, make sure it is clearly a speech from beginning to end. If you are asked to write a letter, make sure it has a salutation and address at the start, reads like a letter throughout the response and has a farewell or something similar at the end.
  • Exam tip #7: Try, as much as you can, to write clearly and legibly. Perhaps leave a line between paragraphs. Don’t be afraid of white space – it makes reading easier.
  • Exam tip #8: Practice the key conventions that demonstrate mastery of English: the correct use of apostrophe, the correct title conventions (either underlining or using inverted commas), the full use of a text’s title at least once and the correct spelling of key character names and composer’s names (at least).
  • Exam tip #9: If you have time during the exam, quickly proofread your work and check the pages are in the right order and that as many mistakes as you can find are corrected. (Examiners understand you are under pressure and that this is a first draft but demonstration of control of the key conventions is the mark of a more sophisticated response).
  • Exam tip #10: You may also be required to write a more personal response, which includes your ability to demonstrate you have reflected personally on the effect of studying a particular module or area of study. Think through how to do this.

This exam advice is general in nature and may need to be adapted for different subjects.

Word of the Week – Antediluvian

Antediluvian: literally ‘before the deluge’, referring to the time outlined in the Old Testatment, before the flood – seeing any movies (Exodus: Gods and Kings) these holidays that refers to an antediluvian time?  Figuratively, anything very old: for example, one might refer to one’s grandparent as ‘antediluvian’ .